The Medical Center Cardiac Catheterization Lab is a state-of-the-art facility that is a vital tool in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. A highly skilled team of physicians, nurses and technicians perform a variety of procedures that can help improve blood flow and allow the heart to pump better.
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Coronary Angioplasty
- Coronary Stenting
- Percutaneous Aortic Balloon Valvuloplasty (PABV)
- Transesophageal Echocardiograms (TEE)
Cardiac catheterization is used to diagnose heart problems and provide vital information about the heart's function. A thin tube called a catheter is inserted into the arteries of the heart, an x-ray dye is injected and a special X-ray called an angiogram is taken. The X-ray will show where blockages occur and to what extent. This valuable information will help the cardiologist determine if significant blockages are present and what treatment options are available.
See what happens by viewing a Cardiac Cath animation.
Once a cardiac catheterization is performed to a locate blockage, an angioplasty can be performed to open a blocked artery. Using a catheter to reach the narrowed artery, the cardiologist inflates a balloon to open the blockage.
Once an angioplasty has been performed and the narrowed artery is expanded, a stent can be placed against the artery wall to hold the artery open.
Watch a Stent placement animation.
Percutaneous Aortic Balloon Valvuloplasty (PABV)
Percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty is a treatment for an aortic valve that has become damaged or diseased. A catheter is passed through the aortic valve, and the balloon at the tip of the catheter is inflated in order to open the leaflets or flaps of the valve. The balloon is then deflated and the catheter is removed.
Learn more about balloon valvuloplasty.
Transesophageal Echocardiograms (TEE)
A transesophageal echocardiogram is a special type of echocardiogram that assesses the heart's function and structures. Unlike a traditional echocardiogram that places monitors on the chest, a transesophageal echocardiogram is performed by inserting a probe down the esophagus. This gives clearer, more-detailed images of the heart because the sound waves sent out from the probe do not have to pass through skin, muscle and bone.
Learn more about transesophageal echocardiogram.
Electrophysiology (EP) Services
The Medical Center also provides Electrophysiology (EP) services for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with abnormal heart rhythms. Learn more about the Electrophysiology Lab.
Chest Pain Center
The Cardiac Cath Lab is a critical component of The Medical Center’s Chest Pain Center accreditation by the Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care. The Cardiac Catheterization Lab has a 24/7 call team that performs PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention) or cardiac catheterization for the emergency treatment of individuals suffering a heart attack. This treatment allows cardiologists to go directly to the source of an obstruction, thus preserving heart muscle and potentially reducing mortality.